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Otitis Media

Otitis media is the most common bacterial infection occurring in children, and it is the most commonly diagnosed illness in childhood. This otitis media, ear infection infection occurs in half of all infants before their first birthday and in 80% by their third birthday. Half of all infected children will have 3 or more episodes in their first 3 years of life.


Otitis media is classified as either acute Otitis Media Ear Infections otitis media or otitis media with effusion.

Acute Otitis Media consists of inflammation otitis media, ear infection of Otitis Media Ear Infections the middle ear, presenting with a rapid onset of symptoms and clinical signs of ear Otitis Media Ear Infections pathology. Fever and ear pain are the most common acute symptoms. Irritability, anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea may also be otitis media, ear infection present.

Acute otitis media is most common in children otitis media, ear infection 6 months to 3 years. The majority of children have had at least one episode of acute otitis by age 3. It is uncommon after age 8. The incidence rises during winter and falls otitis media, ear infections, otitis, ear infection during Otitis Media Ear Infections summer.

Predisposing Factors for Otitis Media

Biologic Factors. Adenoid hypertrophy, male Otitis Media Ear Infections gender, family history, congenital anomalies (cleft palate), otitis media, ear infections, otitis, ear infection prematurity, and low birth Otitis Media Ear Infections weight.

Environmental Factors. Exposure to passive otitis media, ear infections, otitis, ear infection Otitis Media Ear Infections smoke, frequent upper respiratory infections.

Pathophysiology, Treatment and Prevention

Viral infection or allergic responses may Otitis Media, Ear Infections, otitis, ear infection cause Otitis Media Ear Infections changes in the eustachian tube and middle ear that predispose to bacterial infection otitis media, ear infection.