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Child Maltreatment and Abuse

Child Maltreatment: History

Child Maltreatment


Definition: The physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child.

Types of Child Maltreatment

Physical abuse

Sexual abuse


Emotional abuse

Annual Child Abuse, maltreatment Incidence of Child Abuse and Neglect

Fatalities: 2,000

Serious disabilities: 18,000

Serious injury: 141,700

Substantiated incidents: 992,617

Child abuse reports: 2.9 million, involving 1.9 million children

Child Maltreatment Statistics

2.9 million children reported as child abuse victims

1.6 million investigations

Characteristics child abuse, maltreatment of Families of Maltreated Children

No risk differences exist for race or ethnicity

Increased risk in single parent homes

77% higher risk of physical abuse

87% higher risk of neglect

Major increased risk with poverty. Risk of harm is increased 22 times.

Factors Associated with Physical Abuse

Perpetrator Features