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Renal Colic

Approximately 5% of the U.S. population will pass a urinary tract stone during their lifetime.

I. Pathophysiology

II. Clinical Evaluation

III. Differential Diagnosis. Appendicitis, salpingitis, diverticulitis, pyelonephritis, ovarian torsion, prostatitis, and ectopic pregnancy.

IV. Laboratory kidney stones Evaluation

A. A kidney stones, urolithiasis, nephrolithiasis urinalysis with microscopic, serum chemistries, BUN, creatinine, complete blood count, and urine culture should be obtained. An elevated white blood cell count may occur, and when it is associated with fever, its presence usually indicates an associated infection. A significant number of white cells in the urine also suggests infection.